Best Crops to Grow in Nebraska

Published on December 30, 2022

Some of Nebraska's Cash Crops

Nebraska is a great place to grow crops. It has a long growing season, with an average of 170 days from planting to harvest. The state also has lots of sunshine, rain and wind—all factors that are important when growing food.

The state’s climate varies throughout its territory: the eastern part can be more humid because it lies near large bodies of water such as Missouri River; while western Nebraska can be dryer. This means farmers can grow different varieties of crops based on their location within the state because each area has its own challenges but also opportunities for success.

These seven plants can become cash crops and make your Nebraska farm profitable

If you want to grow cash crops on your Nebraska farm, these are the seven crops to consider-

  1. Corn
  2. Soybeans
  3. Wheat
  4. Alfalfa
  5. Popcorn Corn
  6. Sorghum
  7. Sunflowers


Corn is a staple crop in Nebraska. It’s also the largest crop grown in the state, making up more than half of all corn production. Corn is grown on about 20 million acres across the country, but only about 5 percent of that area is irrigated; most farms use rainfall instead.

To grow corn successfully requires careful planning and preparation, as well as some specialized equipment (like combine harvesters). In addition to being able to plant seeds too deep for other crops like soybeans or alfalfa grasses—which can lead them being lost due to poor germination rates—you may need special fertilizers or seed treatments depending on your soil conditions: Fertilizing with nitrogen helps support growth while phosphate promotes root development


Soybeans are a great cash crop to grow in Nebraska. They’re also a good source of protein, fiber and iron, as well as calcium. Soybeans can be planted between March and June, when temperatures are warm enough for them to thrive. The average yield is around 50 bushels per acre (about 80 pounds per m2), so they're not too hard on your soil or water resources—and if you're looking for an easy way to make some extra money while growing food instead of cash crops like wheat or corn? This might be just what you need!


Wheat is a cereal grain with a hard, round seed. It is used to make bread, pasta and other baked goods as well as animal feed. The United States produces more than 11 billion bushels annually--more than any other country in the world except Russia. In Nebraska alone there are over 500 farms that grow wheat; it’s one of our most important cash crops!

There are several types of wheat grown on farms here: spring type; winter type; durum (hard) or soft wheats depending on how long they have been stored before being harvested; hard red winter wheat which has higher protein content due to its colder growing conditions during flowering season compared with soft white winter variety which grows faster but produces less nutritional value per unit area due to lower production rate per plant due to shorter growing seasons where temperatures are lower during flowering period so no need for refrigeration equipment since there won't be any frost damage issues either.


Alfalfa is a perennial crop that can be grown in Nebraska. It's used to feed livestock, but it also makes for a great cover crop when grown following corn and soybeans on the same field. Alfalfa has an extremely high yield potential, so it's worth considering as an option for your next rotation crop if you're looking for something with a lot of bang for your buck!

Popcorn Corn

Popcorn is a great cash crop to grow in Nebraska. This flowering plant, which can grow up to 6 feet tall, is native to North America and has been cultivated by Native Americans for thousands of years. Today's popcorn corn is grown primarily as an ornamental or food crop with some commercial uses as well.

Popcorn grows best during springtime when temperatures are warm but not too hot; however, it can also be grown outside during summer months if you live in areas where summers are dry and sunny (such as Nebraska). The most important thing about growing popcorn is that it needs lots of sun—so make sure your plot gets plenty of sunlight!

Popcorn does best when planted at least 12 inches apart from each other so they don't compete for space on your plot or block off access between plants like trees do when trying to get enough light onto themselves without blocking out other plants nearby them either way due too much shade coverage resulting from overlapping branches while being exposed directly towards each other rather than having their own separate sections within which nothing else grows besides those two types


Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows well in Nebraska. It's used to make syrup, beer and animal feed. The plant can be grown as an annual or perennial, depending on the variety.

Sorghum grows best in regions with warm summers, mild winters and adequate rainfall. Since sorghum has a long growing season (up to eight months), it will tolerate drought conditions better than other crops such as corn, wheat or soybeans


Sunflowers are a great choice if you have a lot of space and want to grow something that can be harvested for both seeds and oil. They're also very easy to grow, so they're an ideal crop for beginners. If you don't want to sell the sunflower seeds yourself, they can be used in cooking as well as making their own oil (which is popular among gardeners).


The crops we've discussed are just a few that can be grown in Nebraska. If you're ready to get started on your own farm's cash crop, continue browsing and check out our resources page for all kinds of information about growing plants and getting started with crop production.


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